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Anaphylaxis Treatment

Updated: Nov 11, 2023

Anaphylaxis is a critical immune system response, where the body perceives a trigger as a threat and releases histamines (chemicals)


Anaphylaxis is where a person's immune system sees a trigger as a threat to the body and floods it with a histamine (chemicals) causing alarming symptoms such as

  • Shortness of breath 🌬️

  • Wheezing 😫

  • Throat tightness 🗣️

  • Hives 🦠

  • Swelling of the face or body 🌡️

  • Abdominal pain 🤢

  • Heart palpitations ❤️

In severe cases, it may even cause a person to stop breathing, making it a life-threatening situation.


Common Triggers of Anaphylaxis


Anaphylaxis can be triggered by almost anything at any point in a person's life. However, some of the more frequent culprits include:

  • Shellfish 🦐

  • Bee stings 🐝

  • Nuts 🥜

  • Eggs 🥚


Treating Anaphylaxis: Understanding Epinephrine Options


When it comes to treating anaphylaxis, epinephrine (adrenaline) is the go-to solution. There are two primary options on the market, and it's crucial to comprehend their differences before use.



EpiPen: Safety First




The EpiPen stands out due to its built-in safety feature. As you remove the needle from the thigh, a protective sheath automatically covers it. This ingenious design ensures you are never exposed to a potentially contaminated or used needle.



Anapen: The Upside-Down Cap




Anapen operates differently. After removing the black cap, place it upside down on a hard surface beside you. Ensure the wider end faces up. Once you've administered the adrenaline, carefully insert the needle into the cap to recapture it.



Never attempt to recap an Anapen needle while holding it in your hand—this could result in an accidental injury.


Immediate Action: Call for Help


In any anaphylactic emergency, the first step is to call for an ambulance. While awaiting medical assistance, monitor the person closely. If their condition doesn't improve or worsens, you may administer a second dose of adrenaline five minutes after the initial dose.

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